Basic Techniques For Oil Painting

oil painting

Basic Techniques For Oil Painting

Oil painting is a traditional technique of painting using pigments as the pigment and a drying medium as the solvent. Most commonly used as drying agents are linseed oil, walnut oil, grape seed oil, olive oil, sesame oil and poppy seed oil. The type of oil that is used also imparts various properties to the oil painting, including the drying period or quantity of the pigment and the degree of yellowing. The colors range from bright yellow, green, and blue to mauve and lavender. These shades can be achieved with a variety of pigments, including linseed, olive, and sesame oils. Sesame oil is more frequently used for oil paintings in comparison to other oils. It is also more effective in reducing the amount of stain on the wall.

Most oil paints are oil based, but some use water-based and solvent-based pigments. Water-based pigments tend to have a milder, water based color. Solvent-based pigments are heavier and tend to have a richer color, but may react with certain colors or solvents causing a slight discoloration of the painting. A mixture of the two types can produce a very rich, intense color, but it is often difficult to achieve. Oil paints are typically available in either water-based or solvent based versions.

The best way to start oil painting techniques is to work at an open space, or a large table, where you can lay down your canvas without obstruction. When you are working in an open space, try to have at least some sunlight to help you bring out the colors in your oil paintings. Use small brushes or sponge-tipped paint brushes. Apply, only a thin layer to the canvas; you do not want to smudge the colors or mix them up when you remove the excess paint. When you need to blend colors, blot the painting with a cloth or rag. You may want to have another person working with you while you are working on oil paintings as to ensure that you are following the proper techniques. The more hands you have assisting you, the more likely you are to succeed in your oil painting techniques.